Yes, I’ve said it. The modern data stack is a pain to work with. But it wasn’t always like that. As companies realized they can leverage data to accelerate growth new data tools were invented. From NoSQL databases that specialize in processing specific data structures (graph anyone?) to the Python-Pandas-like Spark ecosystem that allows you to run queries on Big Data (capital B, mind you). But with every new tool added to the data stack, the complexity increased.